This is about linux desktop issues (as opposed to server), and mainly deals with desktop-style configuration. See this post about shell and command-line utilities and environments.
- See also ChromeOS - Apps, Config, Utilities for the companion article on ChromeOS.
This is pretty much unneeded these days.
Apps and Utilities Not Available on ChromeOS
But can be run on Linux...
- Google Cloud Print Connector for directly connected/sharing Samsung ML-1860
- Epson Perfection V33 Scanner
Note that at some point the Linux vm on ChromeOS may support these.
Standard Linux-supported Apps
- Files (Nautilus)
- Image Scan!
- Praat Speech Analyzer